7 Principles of Universal Design

The Seven Principles of Universal Design are as follows:

Principle 1: Equitable Use

Wheelchair ramp located next to stairs allows for equitable access to buildings for everyone.

A wheelchair ramp next to a set of stairs.

Principle 2: Flexibility in Use

Adjustable height desks and chairs provide flexibility in use for everyone.

An adjustable height desk with an adjustable chair.

Principle 3: Simple and Intuitive to Use

Product should be simple and intuitive to use regardless of age, ability, or geographic location.

A water faucet with single top lever to control the water flow.

Principle 4: Perceptible Information

Information should be provided in a way that is perceptible to everyone.

Visual Sign stating, "All Gender Restroom" with Braille underneath.

Principle 5: Tolerance For Error

The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.

A paved sidewalk with low guard rail along the edges.
Craig Hospital in Denver, CO 2018, Photo by Leah Taylor

Principle 6: Low Physical Effort

Product can be used efficiently and comfortably with minimum fatigue regardless of ability or age.

An automatic door operated by a push button that is placed low.

Principle 7: Size and Space for Approach and Use

The principle of Size and Space for Approach and Use allows for reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.

A wheelchair using approaching 
a low kiosk turnstile.